Case Study: My Experience With Water
Types of Water Treatment Systems Available
You must know that water from natural sources like rivers, streams and lakes are not great for specific purposes. The major causes of water pollution are dissolved chemicals, microbes and other particulate matter that have originated through manmade sources or naturally. Thus, it becomes necessary to have the water treated prior to using it for irrigation, drinking or other purposes. It is the objective of water treatment procedure is to eliminate the contaminants or minimize the presence of raw water.
There are so many kinds of water purification methods that are used to treat water. Such would include chemical disinfection, filtration, boiling, settling or sedimentation and others. Also, there are a lot of methods like purifying the water.
There is ultraviolet treatment. In such technique, the water that should be purified is being passed through the germicidal UV light which is configured in low-pressure lamp. When water would pass through the UV purifier, the biological contaminants are then exposed to UV light. Such would cause damage to the genetic components of the microbes in order to kill them. However, a drawback in this is the fact that such is not effective in getting rid of dissolved chemicals and other particulate matter.
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There is the ozone treatment, which uses ozone. Such kind of gas is unstable and colorless. Such is quite effective when it comes to killing the biological contaminants as compared to chemical disinfection like the chlorination method. Aside from this, this would also help in reducing odor issues and concentrations of sulfur, iron, manganese and also other dissolved chemicals. In the process of ozonation, this is utilized for the production of ozone gas and this is then dissolved in raw water to have them purified. One disadvantage of such costly method is that there are mild carcinogenic by-products being produced.
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Also a great option to have for water treatment is membrane treatment. The membrane technology is one innovative method wherein a semipermeable membrane is actually used to remove the water impurities. There are two kinds of membrane water treatment methods and they are pressure-driven and also electrically-driven. In the first case, hydraulic pressure is utilized for driving raw water past the membrane and the other hand would make use of electric current to let the movement of water through a certain membrane. This procedure may remove the organic and biological contaminants but this is high maintenance.
You should also know about the Reverse Osmosis treatment. Understand that such is an effective method. It is used to treat home water to remove the organic contaminants, toxins, microbes and pesticides. With the reverse osmosis method, raw water is then forced with the use of pressure through the dense membrane filter which blocks the passing of impurities.